"ফলৰ ৰস"ৰ বিভিন্ন সংশোধনসমূহৰ মাজৰ পাৰ্থক্য

7 বাইট বিলোপ কৰা হ’ল ,  6 মাহ পূৰ্বে
[বট সম্পাদনা] অসমীয়া লিখোতে হোৱা কেইটামান সাধাৰণ ভুল ঠিক কৰা হ'ল
([বট সম্পাদনা] অসমীয়া লিখোতে হোৱা কেইটামান সাধাৰণ ভুল ঠিক কৰা হ'ল)
 
'''ফলৰ ৰস''' বা '''জুছ''' বুলিলে বিভিন্ন ফল-মূল আৰু পাচলিত মজুত হৈ থকা প্ৰাকৃতিক জুলীয়া পদাৰ্থ বা ৰসকে বুজা যায়। ফল বা অন্যান্য জৈৱিক উপাদান যেনে মাংস আৰু সাগৰীয় খাদ্যসামগ্ৰীৰ সোৱাদযুক্ত পানীয়কো জুছ বোলা হয়। জুছসমূহ শীতল পানীয় অথবা আন খাদ্যৰ উপকৰণ হিচাপে ব্যৱহৃত হয়। পেষ্টুৰাইজেচন প্ৰণালীৰ আৱিষ্কাৰৰ আগলৈকে জুছ শীতল পানীয় হিচাপে জনপ্ৰিয় হোৱা নাছিল।<ref name="bepress.com">http://works.bepress.com/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1000&context=ryan_ward</ref>
==প্ৰস্তুতকৰণ==
বিভিন্ন ফল বা পাচলি কোনো তাপ প্ৰয়োগ নকৰাকৈ চেপি তাৰ পৰা ৰস উলিওৱা হয়৷হয়।<ref>{{cite news|url=http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/02/08/juicer-types-cold-press_n_2618000.html |title=Juicer Types: The Difference Between Cold Press Juicers vs. Centrifugal Juice Extractors |publisher=Huffingtonpost.com |date= 2013-02-08|accessdate=2014-08-25}}</ref>উদাহৰণস্বৰূপে কমলা টেঙাৰ ৰস তৈয়াৰ কৰিবলৈ কমলা টেঙা চেপি তাৰ পৰা ৰস উলিয়াই লোৱা হয়। আনহাতে আমৰ ৰস তৈয়াৰ কৰিবলৈ আমটো পিহি পেলোৱাৰ প্ৰয়োজন হয়। কেতিয়াবা বৈদ্যুতিক জুচাৰ ব্যৱহাৰ কৰিও ৰস উলিওৱা হয়৷হয়।
ব্যৱসায়িক উৎপাদনৰ ক্ষেত্ৰত আঁহ আতৰোৱাৰ বিশেষ যতন থাকে ৷থাকে। উচ্চ আঁহযুক্ত কমলাৰ ৰসৰ বিশেষ চাহিদা আছে৷আছে।
 
 
ফলৰ ৰস প্ৰস্তুতকৰণৰ বাবে ব্যৱহৃত পদ্ধতি সমূহ হ'ল [[canning|কেনিং]], [[pasteurization|পেষ্টুৰাইজেচন]], [[concentrate|কনচেনট্ৰেট]],<ref>{{cite web|title=Understanding Concentrated Juice|url=http://www.fitday.com/fitness-articles/nutrition/healthy-eating/understanding-concentrate-juice.html}}</ref> [[freezing|শীতলিকৰণ]], [[evaporation|বাষ্পীভৱন]] আৰু [[spray drying|স্প্ৰে ডাইং]]।
 
<!--Although processing methods vary between juices, the general processing method of juices includes:<ref name="sspindia.com">{{cite web|url=http://www.sspindia.com/fruit-juice-processing.html|title=Fruit Juice Processing,Fruit Juice Powder Plant,Fruit Juice Processing Plant,Juice Powder Plant|work=sspindia.com|accessdate=7 May 2015}}</ref>
*Washing and sorting
*Juice [[extraction (chemistry)|extraction]]
Juices are often consumed for their perceived [[health benefits (medicine)|health benefits]]. For example, orange juice is rich in [[vitamin C]], [[folic acid]], [[potassium]], is an excellent source of [[bioavailable]] [[antioxidant]] [[phytochemicals]]<ref>{{cite journal | last1 = Franke | first1 = AA | last2 = Cooney | first2 = RV | last3 = Henning | first3 = SM | last4 = Custer | first4 = LJ | year = 2005 | title = Bioavailability and antioxidant effects of orange juice components in humans | url = | journal = J Agric Food Chem | volume = 53 | issue = 13| pages = 5170–8 | doi=10.1021/jf050054y}}</ref> and significantly improves blood lipid profiles in people affected with [[hypercholesterolemia]].<ref>{{cite journal | last1 = Kurowska | first1 = EM | last2 = Spence | first2 = JD | last3 = Jordan | first3 = J | last4 = Wetmore | first4 = S | last5 = Freeman | first5 = DJ | last6 = Piché | first6 = LA | last7 = Serratore | first7 = P | date = Nov 2000 | title = HDL-cholesterol-raising effect of orange juice in subjects with hypercholesterolemia | url = | journal = Am J Clin Nutr | volume = 72 | issue = 5| pages = 1095–100 }}</ref> [[Prune juice]] is associated with a digestive health benefit. [[Cranberry juice]] has long been known to help prevent or even treat [[urinary bladder|bladder]] infections, and it is now known that a substance in cranberries prevents [[bacteria]] from binding to the bladder.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.medicine.ox.ac.uk/bandolier/band6/b6-3.html |title=Drug Watch: Cranberry juice reduces bacteriuria and pyuria |publisher=Jr2.ox.ac.uk |date= |accessdate=2014-08-25}}</ref>
 
Many fruit juices have a higher sugar ([[fructose]]) content than sweetened soft drinks; e.g., typical grape juice has 50% more sugar than [[Coca-Cola]].<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.hookedonjuice.com/ |title=Just What Is The Sugar Content Of Fruit Juice |publisher=Hookedonjuice.com |date=2006-10-02 |accessdate=2014-08-25}}</ref> While soft drinks (e.g. Coca-Cola) cause [[oxidative stress]] when ingested and may even lead to insulin resistance in the long term, the same thing cannot be attributed to fruit juices. On the contrary, fruit juices are actually known for their ability to raise serum antioxidant capacity and even offset the oxidative stress and inflammation normally caused by high-fat and high-sugar meals.<ref>{{cite journal | last1 = Ghanim | first1 = H | last2 = Sia | first2 = CL | last3 = Upadhyay | first3 = M | last4 = Korzeniewski | first4 = K | last5 = Viswanathan | first5 = P | last6 = Abuaysheh | first6 = S | last7 = Mohanty | first7 = P | last8 = Dandona | first8 = P | date = Apr 2010 | title = Orange juice neutralizes the proinflammatory effect of a high-fat, high-carbohydrate meal and prevents endotoxin increase and Toll-like receptor expression | journal = Am J Clin Nutr | volume = 91 | issue = 4| pages = 940–9 | pmc=2844681 | pmid=20200256 | doi=10.3945/ajcn.2009.28584}}</ref> However, frequent consumption of fruits and fruit juice causes [[dental decay]], and may be a more significant factor in the development of [[dental caries]] (cavities) than eating [[candy]].<ref name=":4">{{Cite journal|url = https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/367563/DBOHv32014OCTMainDocument_3.pdf|title = Delivering better oral health: an evidence-based toolkit for prevention|last = |first = |date = June 2014|journal = |doi = |pmid = |access-date = |publisher = Public Health England}}</ref> Fruit juice causes dental decay because it naturally contains [[acid]]s, which chemically dissolve the enamel off the surface of the tooth, and sugars that the bacteria in the mouth ferment to create even more tooth-destroying acids.<ref name=":4" />
 
Fruit juice consumption overall in [[Europe]], [[Australia]], [[New Zealand]] and the US has increased in recent years,<ref>[http://www.the-infoshop.com/study/zi24456_weurope_fruit_juice_toc.html [Report&#93; West Europe Fruit Juice Market Research, Trends, Analysis TOC]{{Dead link|date=August 2014}}</ref> probably due to public perception of juices as a healthy natural source of nutrients and increased public interest in health issues. Indeed, fruit juice intake has been consistently associated with reduced risk of many cancer types,<ref>{{cite journal | last1 = Uzcudun | first1 = AE | last2 = Retolaza | first2 = IR | last3 = Fernández | first3 = PB | last4 = Sánchez Hernández | first4 = JJ | last5 = Grande | first5 = AG | last6 = García | first6 = AG | last7 = Olivar | first7 = LM | last8 = De Diego | first8 = Sastre I | last9 = Barón | first9 = MG | last10 = Bouzas | first10 = JG | date = Sep 2002 | title = Nutrition and pharyngeal cancer: results from a case-control study in Spain | url = | journal = Head Neck. | volume = 24 | issue = 9| pages = 830–40 | doi=10.1002/hed.10142}}</ref><ref>Radosavljević V, Janković S, Marinković J, Dokić M. Non-occupational risk factors for bladder cancer: a case-control study. Tumori. 2004 Mar-Apr;90(2):175-80.</ref><ref>Kwan ML, Block G, Selvin S, Month S, Buffler PA. "Food consumption by children and the risk of childhood acute leukemia. ''Am J Epidemiol.'' 1 December 2004;160(11):1098-107.</ref><ref>{{cite journal | last1 = Chan | first1 = JM | last2 = Wang | first2 = F | last3 = Holly | first3 = EA | date = Sep 2005 | title = Vegetable and fruit intake and pancreatic cancer in a population-based case-control study in the San Francisco bay area | url = | journal = Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. | volume = 14 | issue = 9| pages = 2093–7 | doi=10.1158/1055-9965.epi-05-0226}}</ref><ref>Maserejian NN, Giovannucci E, Rosner B, Zavras A, Joshipura K. "Prospective study of fruits and vegetables and risk of oral premalignant lesions in men. ''Am J Epidemiol.'' 15 September 2006;164(6):556-66.</ref><ref>{{cite journal | last1 = Wu | first1 = H | last2 = Dai | first2 = Q | last3 = Shrubsole | first3 = MJ | last4 = Ness | first4 = RM | last5 = Schlundt | first5 = D | last6 = Smalley | first6 = WE | last7 = Chen | first7 = H | last8 = Li | first8 = M | last9 = Shyr | first9 = Y | last10 = Zheng | first10 = W | date = Feb 2009 | title = Fruit and vegetable intakes are associated with lower risk of colorectal adenomas | url = | journal = J Nutr | volume = 139 | issue = 2| pages = 340–4 | doi=10.3945/jn.108.098889}}</ref><ref>Lewis JE, Soler-Vilá H, Clark PE, Kresty LA, Allen GO, Hu JJ. Intake of plant foods and associated nutrients in prostate cancer risk" ''Nutr Cancer'' 2009;61(2):216-24.</ref> might be protective against [[stroke]]<ref>Feldman EB. "Fruits and vegetables and the risk of stroke. ''Nutr Rev.'' 2001 Jan;59(1 Pt 1):24-7.</ref> and delay the onset of Alzheimer's disease.<ref>{{cite journal | last1 = Dai | first1 = Q | last2 = Borenstein | first2 = AR | last3 = Wu | first3 = Y | last4 = Jackson | first4 = JC | last5 = Larson | first5 = EB | date = Sep 2006 | title = Fruit and vegetable juices and Alzheimer's disease: the Kame Project | url = | journal = Am J Med | volume = 119 | issue = 9| pages = 751–9 | doi=10.1016/j.amjmed.2006.03.045}}</ref>
 
Some fruit juices have filtered out the [[dietary fiber]] present in the fruit. In other cases, other ingredients are added.<ref>{{cite web|last=Norris |first=Jeffrey |url=http://www.ucsf.edu/news/2009/06/8187/obesity-and-metabolic-syndrome-driven-fructose-sugar-diet |title=Sugar Is a Poison, Says UCSF Obesity Expert |publisher=Ucsf.edu |date=2009-06-25 |accessdate=2014-08-25}}</ref> [[High-fructose corn syrup]], an ingredient in many juice cocktails, has been linked to the increased incidence of type II diabetes. High consumption of juice is also linked to weight gain in some studies,<ref>{{cite web |url=http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/118/5/2066.short |title=Fruit Juice Intake Predicts Increased Adiposity Gain in Children From Low-Income Families: Weight Status-by-Environment Interaction |publisher=American Academy of Pediatrics |author=Myles S. Faith,Barbara A. Dennison,Lynn S. Edmunds,Howard H. Stratton |date=2006-07-27}}</ref><ref>{{cite journal |url=http://journals.cambridge.org/download.php?file=%2FPHN%2FPHN10_02%2FS1368980007246634a.pdf&code=4892617be55c2cc0b5d589f01343f27c|title= Association of key foods and beverages with obesity in Australian schoolchildren |author=Andrea M Sanigorski,A Colin Bell,Boyd A Swinburn |journal=Public Health Nutrition | volume= 10|issue=2|pages= 152–157 |date=2006-07-04 |doi=10.1017/s1368980007246634}}</ref> but not in others.<ref>{{cite journal | last1 = O'Neil | first1 = CE | last2 = Nicklas | first2 = TA | last3 = Kleinman | first3 = R | date = Mar 2010 | title = Relationship between 100% juice consumption and nutrient intake and weight of adolescents | url = | journal = Am J Health Promot | volume = 24 | issue = 4| pages = 231–7 | doi=10.4278/ajhp.080603-quan-76}}</ref> In a controlled clinical study, regular consumption of [[grape juice]] for 12 weeks did not cause any weight gain in volunteers, but consumption of a [[soft drink]] did.<ref>{{cite journal | last1 = Hollis | first1 = JH | last2 = Houchins | first2 = JA | last3 = Blumberg | first3 = JB | last4 = Mattes | first4 = RD | date = Oct 2009 | title = Effects of concord grape juice on appetite, diet, body weight, lipid profile, and antioxidant status of adults | url = | journal = J Am Coll Nutr. | volume = 28 | issue = 5| pages = 574–82 | doi=10.1080/07315724.2009.10719789}}</ref> Fruit juice in moderate amounts can help children and adults meet daily recommendations for fruit consumption, nutrient intake and calories.<ref>{{cite web|url= http://www.juicerfanatics.com/juice-and-overweight-children/ |title=New studies reveal: Fruit juice not related to overweight children |publisher=Juicerfanatics.com |accessdate=2014-08-13}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.mypyramid.gov/pyramid/fruits.html|publisher=USDA|title=Inside the Pyramide|date= January 22, 2010|accessdate=2010-09-02}}</ref>
 
The [[American Academy of Pediatrics]] says that fruit juice should not be given to infants before 6 months of age. For children ages 1 to 6, intake of fruit juice should be limited to 4 to 6 ounces per day (about a half to three-quarters of a cup). Giving children excessive juice can lead to poor nutrition, diarrhea, gas, abdominal pain, bloating, and tooth decay.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.med.umich.edu/yourchild/topics/feedbaby.htm#milk |title=Feeding Your Baby and Toddler (Birth to Age Two): Your Child: University of Michigan Health System |publisher=Med.umich.edu |date= |accessdate=2014-08-25}}</ref><ref>{{cite journal | date = May 2001 | title = The use and misuse of fruit juice in pediatrics | author = American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Nutrition | journal = Pediatrics | volume = 107 | issue = 5| pages = 1210–3 | doi=10.1542/peds.107.5.1210}}</ref>
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