"সাবিত্ৰী আৰু সত্যবান"ৰ বিভিন্ন সংশোধনসমূহৰ মাজৰ পাৰ্থক্য

সম্পাদনা সাৰংশ নাই
 
{{সম্পাদনা দ্বন্দ্ব}}
[[File:Savitri and Satyavan.jpg|thumb|right|275x275px|Savitriসাবিত্ৰীয়ে savesযমৰ Satyavanপৰা fromসত্যবানক Yama.ৰ‌ক্ষা কৰিছে।]]
[[হিন্দু ধৰ্ম]]ত '''সাবিত্ৰী আৰু সত্যবান''' ({{lang-sa|सावित्री}} আৰু {{lang|sa|सत्यवान्}}) এযোৰ কিংবদন্তীমূলক পতি-পত্নী। ইজনে সিজনৰ প্ৰতি প্ৰেম আৰু শ্ৰদ্ধাৰ বাবে তেওঁলোকৰ কাহিনী প্ৰখ্যাত। ৰাজকুমাৰী সাবিত্ৰীয়ে নিৰ্বাসিত ৰাজকুমাৰ সত্যবানক বিয়া কৰাইছিল। সত্যবানৰ সোনকালে মৃত্যু হ'ব বুলি ভৱষ্যতবাণীভৱিষ্যতবাণী থকা সত্বেও সাবিত্ৰীৰ অনুৰাগ আৰু বুদ্ধিয়ে গিৰিয়েকক মৃত্যুৰ দেৱতা [[যম (হিন্দু)|যম]]ৰ পৰা ৰক্ষা কৰিছিল।
 
সাবিত্ৰী আৰু সত্যবানৰ কাহিনীৰ সকলোতকৈ পুৰণি জ্ঞাত সংস্কৰণ ''[[মহাভাৰত]]''ৰ ''[[বাণ পৰ্ব]]''ত পোৱা যায়। যেতিয়া [[যুধিষ্ঠিৰ|যুধিষ্ঠিৰে]] [[মাৰ্কণ্ডেয়]]ক সোধে যে [[দ্ৰৌপদী]]ৰ দৰে নিষ্ঠাবান নাৰী কেতিয়াবা আছিল নে, তেতিয়া মাৰ্কণ্ডেয়ই উত্তৰ দিবলৈ গৈ এই কাহিনীটোৰ উল্লেখ কৰে।<ref name=maha>{{cite book|title=Vyasa's Mahabharatam|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=HkUQYvw2HGkC&pg=PA329|chapter= XVIII: Vana Parva: Wife's Devotion and Satyavana|year=2008|publisher=Academic Publishers|isbn=978-81-89781-68-2|pages=329–336}}</ref>
[[বিহাৰ]], [[ঝাৰখণ্ড]], আৰু [[ওড়িশা]]ত বিবাহিতা মহিলাই প্ৰতি বছৰে জেঠৰ [[অমাৱস্যা]]ত [[সাবিত্ৰী ব্ৰত]] পালন কৰে। তেওঁলোকৰ পতিসকলৰ সুস্থ আৰু দীৰ্ঘ জীৱনৰ বাবে এই ব্ৰত পালন কৰা হয়। [[ওড়িয়া ভাষা]]ৰ ''সাবিত্ৰী ব্ৰত কথা'' নামৰ পুথিখন পূজাৰ সময়ত মহিলাসকলে পাঠ কৰে। পশ্চিম ভাৰতত এই দিনটো [[পূৰ্ণিমা]]ৰ দিনা পালন কৰা হয়।
 
বিশ্বাস কৰা হয় যে তামিল মাহ পংগুনিৰ প্ৰথম দিনাই সাবিত্ৰীয়ে সত্যবানক ঘূৰাই পাইছিল। গতিকে এই দিনটো [[তামিলনাডু]]ত ''কৰাদয়ান নম্বু'' নামেৰে পালন কৰা হয়। সেই দিনা বিবাহিত মহিলা আৰু কমবয়সীয়া ছোৱালীয়ে হালধীয়া বস্ত্ৰ পৰিধান কৰি তেওঁলোকৰ পুৰুষৰ দীৰ্ঘজীৱনৰ বাবে হিন্দু দেৱীসকলক প্ৰাথনা কৰে।
It is believed that Savitri got her husband back on the first day of the Tamil month [[Panguni]]. So, this day is celebrated as ''Karadayan Nonbu'' in [[Tamil Nadu]]. On this day, married women and young girls wear yellow robes and pray to Hindu goddesses for long lives for their husbands. Girls start this practice at a very young age; they wear a yellow robe on this day from the time they are a year old so they will find a good husband in future.
 
In১৯৫০ 1950আৰু and১৯৫১ 1951,চনত [[Sriশ্ৰী Aurobindoঅৰবিন্দ]] publishedতেওঁৰ hisঅমিত্ৰা‌‌অৰ epicছন্দত poemলিখা inবিখ্যাত blank verse titledকবিতা "[[Savitri: A Legend and a Symbol]]". প্ৰকাশ কৰে।<ref name="Nadkarni">{{cite book | url=https://books.google.com/books?id=8sDtCQAAQBAJ&pg=PT25 | title=Savitri – The Golden Bridge, the Wonderful Fire: An introduction to Sri Aurobindo's epic | publisher=Auro e-Books | author=Mangesh V. Nadkarni | pages=25– | isbn=978-93-82474-02-9}}</ref>
 
Inইংলেণ্ডত England,গুষ্টাভ [[Gustavহষ্টে Holst]]১৯১৬ composedচনত aএই [[chamberকাহিনীৰ opera]]আধাৰত inএকাংকীয় oneচেম্বাৰ act in 1916, his Opus 25, namedঅ'পেৰা ''[[Savitri (opera)|Savitri]]'' based on thisৰচনা story.কৰে।<ref>Head, Raymond, "Holst and India (III)" (September 1988). ''Tempo'' (New Ser.), '''166''': pp. 35–40</ref>
 
=== চলচ্চিত্ৰ আৰু টেলিভিচন ===
The Husband-Wife New Age Group [[2002 (band)|2002]] released an album inspired by the story of Savitri and Satyavan in 1995.<ref>[http://www.2002music.com/music/cds-dvds/savitri/ Savitri]. 2002music.com.</ref>
Thereসাবিত্ৰী/সত্যবান haveকাহিনীৰ beenএতিয়ালৈকে aboutপ্ৰায় thirty-fourচৌত্ৰিছটা filmচলচ্চিত্ৰ versionsসংস্কৰণ ofভাৰতত theচিত্ৰায়ণ Savitri/Satyavan story produced in India.হৈছে।<ref>{{cite book|author=Heidi R.M. Pauwels|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=OAI0scTDAjIC&pg=PA80|title=Indian Literature and Popular Cinema: Recasting Classics|date=17 December 2007|publisher=Routledge|isbn=978-1-134-06255-3|page=80}}</ref> Oneএইবোৰৰ ofভিতৰত theঅন্যতম earliestপুৰণি isহৈছে the[[দাদাচাহেব Indianফাল্কে]]ই পৰিচালনা কৰা silentঅবাক film,চলচ্চিত্ৰ ''[[Satyavanসত্যবান Savitriসাবিত্ৰী]]'' (1914১৯১৪) directed by [[Dadasaheb Phalke]].<!-- Other silent-era films include the failed ''Savitri'' (1912) by V. P. Divekar, A. P. Karandikar and [[Shree Nath Patankar]], ''Sukanya Savitri'' (1922) by [[Kanjibhai Rathod]], ''Sati Savitri'' (1927) by [[Baburao Painter]], ''Sati Savitri'' (1931) by Bidkar.<ref name="RajadhyakshaWillemen1999"/> The 1923 version, ''Savitri'' also called ''Satyavan Savitri'', was an Italian co-production directed by Giorgio Mannini and [[J. J. Madan]] produced by [[Madan Theatres Ltd]] and Cines.<ref name="Savitri1923">{{cite web | url=http://www.citwf.com/film307031.htm | title=Savitri 1923 | publisher=Alan Goble | access-date=18 April 2015 | website=citwf.com}}</ref>
 
=== Films and television ===
There have been about thirty-four film versions of the Savitri/Satyavan story produced in India.<ref>{{cite book|author=Heidi R.M. Pauwels|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=OAI0scTDAjIC&pg=PA80|title=Indian Literature and Popular Cinema: Recasting Classics|date=17 December 2007|publisher=Routledge|isbn=978-1-134-06255-3|page=80}}</ref> One of the earliest is the Indian silent film, ''[[Satyavan Savitri]]'' (1914) directed by [[Dadasaheb Phalke]]. Other silent-era films include the failed ''Savitri'' (1912) by V. P. Divekar, A. P. Karandikar and [[Shree Nath Patankar]], ''Sukanya Savitri'' (1922) by [[Kanjibhai Rathod]], ''Sati Savitri'' (1927) by [[Baburao Painter]], ''Sati Savitri'' (1931) by Bidkar.<ref name="RajadhyakshaWillemen1999"/> The 1923 version, ''Savitri'' also called ''Satyavan Savitri'', was an Italian co-production directed by Giorgio Mannini and [[J. J. Madan]] produced by [[Madan Theatres Ltd]] and Cines.<ref name="Savitri1923">{{cite web | url=http://www.citwf.com/film307031.htm | title=Savitri 1923 | publisher=Alan Goble | access-date=18 April 2015 | website=citwf.com}}</ref>
 
''Sati Savitri'' (1932), a sound film, was released in Hindi/Gujarati by [[Chandulal Shah]] and was the second talkie Gujarati film. ''[[Savitri (1933 film)|Savitri]]'' (1933) was the first film produced by the [[East India Film Company]]. Directed by [[C. Pullaiah]], it received an Honorary Certificate at the [[Venice Film Festival]].<ref name="P2014">{{cite book | url=https://books.google.com/books?id=OjT4BQAAQBAJ&pg=PA153 | title=Life in India: Culture | publisher=Ponram P | date=1 December 2014 | access-date=18 April 2015 | author=Ponram P | pages=153– | id=GGKEY:43NZKK4BRBF}}</ref> [[Bhalji Pendharkar]] released ''Savitri'' (1936) in Marathi. In 1937, ''[[Savitri (1937 film)|Savitri]]'' was produced in Hindi directed by [[Franz Osten]].<ref name="Savitri">{{cite web | url=http://www.citwf.com/listFilms.asp?filmName=savitri&sortOn=YEAR&sortBy=UP&TOPDOC=0 | title=Savitri Films List | publisher=Alan Goble | access-date=18 April 2015 | website=citwf.com}}</ref> ''Sathyavaan Savithiri'' (1933), ''Savithri'' (1941) by [[Y. V. Rao]] were also made during British rule in India.<ref name="RajadhyakshaWillemen1999">{{cite book|last1=Rajadhyaksha|first1=Ashish|last2=Willemen|first2=Paul|title=Encyclopaedia of Indian cinema|url=https://archive.org/details/encyclopaediaofi0000raja|url-access=registration|accessdate=12 August 2012|year=1999|publisher=British Film Institute}}</ref>
''[[Savitri - EK Prem Kahani]]'', an Indian television series which aired on [[Life OK]] in 2013 is a modern adaptation of the story.<ref>{{Cite web|last=|first=|date=2013-02-17|title=Life OK’s Savitri: What is the show all about?|url=https://www.bollywoodlife.com/editors-pick/life-oks-savitri-what-is-the-show-all-about-191634/|url-status=live|archive-url=|archive-date=|access-date=|website=[[Bollywood Life]]|language=en}}</ref>
 
''[[Savitri (2016 film)|Savitri]]'' by Pavan Sadineni and ''[[Warrior Savitri]]'' (2016) by [[Param Gill]] are modern-day adaptations of the tale. The latter was controversial for its depiction of Savitri as a 21st-century woman. -->
 
== তথ্যসূত্ৰ==
==See also==
* [[Pativrata]]
 
== References ==
{{reflist}}
 
== অতিৰিক্ত পঠন ==
== Further reading ==
{{Wikiquote|Savitri}}
* ''The Mahabharata'' vol. 2, tr. J.A.B. van Buitenen (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1975)
{{commons category}}
{{HinduMythology}}
 
{{Savitri and Satyavan}}
[[Category:মহাভাৰতৰ চৰিত্ৰ]]
{{DEFAULTSORT:Savitri And Satyavan}}
[[Category: Characters in the Mahabharata]]
[[Category: People in Hindu mythology]]
[[Category: Indian folklore]]
[[Category:Films about Savitri and Satyavan]]