ভাৰত চৰকাৰ: বিভিন্ন সংশোধনসমূহৰ মাজৰ পাৰ্থক্য

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ভাৰত চৰকাৰক সাধাৰণ ভাষাত "কেন্দ্ৰীয় চৰকাৰ" বুলি কোৱা হয়| ২৮ খন ৰাজ্য আৰু ৭ খন কেন্দ্ৰীয় শাসিত অঞ্চলৰে গঠিত যাক "ভাৰত গণৰাজ্য" বুলি কোৱা হয়, ইয়াৰেই নিয়ন্ত্ৰনকৰ্তা হৈছে ভাৰত চৰকাৰ| ভাৰত চৰকাৰৰ মূখ্য আসন বুলি [[দিল্লী|দিল্লীক]] বুজাই, যিহেতু চৰকাৰৰ মূখ্য কাম কাজসমূহ ইয়াৰ পৰাই পৰিচালিত হয়|
 
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The '''Government of India''', officially known as the '''Union Government''', and also known as the [[Central Government]], was established by the [[Constitution of India]], and is the governing authority of the union of [[States and territories of India|28 states and seven union territories]], collectively called the [[Republic of India]]. It is seated in [[New Delhi]], the capital of [[India]].
 
The government comprises three branches: the executive, the legislative and the judiciary. The executive branch headed by the [[President of India|President]], who is the [[Head of State]] and exercises his or her power directly or through officers subordinate to him.<ref>Ministry of Law and Justice, Govt of India: ''Constitution of India, updated up to 94th Amendment Act'', page 26,http://lawmin.nic.in/coi/coiason29july08.pdf</ref> The Legislative branch or the [[Parliament of India|Parliament]] consists of the lower house, the [[Lok Sabha]], and the upper house, the [[Rajya Sabha]], as well as the president. The [[Judiciary of India|Judicial branch]] has the [[Supreme Court of India|Supreme Court]] at its apex, 21 [[High Courts of India|High Courts]], and numerous civil, criminal and family courts at the district level. India is the largest democracy in the world.
 
The basic civil and criminal laws governing the citizens of India are set down in major parliamentary legislation, such as the Civil Procedure Code, the [[Indian penal code|Indian Penal Code]], and the Criminal Procedure Code. The union and individual state governments consist of executive, legislative and judicial branches. The legal system as applicable to the federal and individual state governments is based on the [[Common Law|English Common]] and [[Statutory Law]]. India accepts [[International Court of Justice]] jurisdiction with several reservations. By the 73rd and 74th amendments to the constitution, the [[Panchayat Raj]] system has been institutionalised for local governance.
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