"আন্তৰ্জাতিক মান গ্ৰন্থ সংখ্যা"ৰ বিভিন্ন সংশোধনসমূহৰ মাজৰ পাৰ্থক্য

r2.7.3) (ৰবট পৰিবৰ্তন কৰিছে: ilo:Sangalubongan a Pagalagadan a Numero ti Libro; cosmetic changes
(r2.7.2+) (ৰবট যোগ দিছে :be:Міжнародны стандартны кніжны нумар)
(r2.7.3) (ৰবট পৰিবৰ্তন কৰিছে: ilo:Sangalubongan a Pagalagadan a Numero ti Libro; cosmetic changes)
[[Imageচিত্ৰ:EAN-13-ISBN-13.svg|thumb|300px|A 13-digit ISBN, 978-3-16-148410-0, as represented by an [[European Article Number|EAN-13 bar code]].]]
 
'''ইন্টাৰনেশ্যনেল ষ্টেণ্ডাৰ্ড বুক নাম্বাৰ''' ('''ISBN''') (আই.এচ.বি.এন.) বা '''আন্তৰ্জাতিক মান গ্ৰন্থ সংখ্যা''' সকলো ধৰনৰ [[বাৰকোড]] চিহ্নিতকৰণৰ বাবে ব্যৱহৃত এক সংখ্যায়ন পদ্ধতি যিটো বাণিজ্যিক দিশত ব্যৱহৃত হৈ আহিছে। [[১৯৬৬]] খ্ৰীষ্টাব্দত [[যুক্তৰাজ্য|যুক্তৰাজ্যত]] এই সংখ্যায়ন পদ্ধতি প্ৰৱৰ্তন কৰা হয়। ইয়াৰ অনুৰূপ আৰু এক সংখ্যায়ন পদ্ধতি হৈছে আই.এচ.এচ.এন. যি মূলতঃ পত্ৰ-পত্ৰিকা আৰু সাময়িকীৰ ক্ষেত্ৰত ব্যৱহৃত হয়। [[২০০৭]] খ্ৰীষ্টাব্দৰ ১ জানুৱাৰী তাৰিখৰ পৰা আই.এচ.বি.এনক ১৩-ডিজিটৰ সংখ্যালৈ উন্নীত কৰা হৈছে।<ref>As explained in this [http://www.lac-bac.gc.ca/iso/tc46sc9/isbn.htm summary document] from ISO</ref> এই সংখ্যায়নৰ সকলো দায়িত্ব বহনকাৰী হৈছে টিচি ৪৬/এচচি ৯।
 
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The '''International Standard Book Number''' ('''ISBN''') is a unique<ref>Occasionally, publishers erroneously assign an ISBN to more than one title — the first edition of ''[[The Ultimate Alphabet]]'' and ''The Ultimate Alphabet Workbook'' have the same ISBN, 0-8050-0076-3. Conversely, books are published with several ISBNs: A '''German''', second-language edition of ''[[Emil und die Detektive]]'' has the ISBNs 87-23-90157-8 ([[Denmark]]), 0-8219-1069-8 ([[United States]]), 91-21-15628-X ([[Sweden]]), 0-85048-548-7 ([[England]]) and 3-12-675495-3 ([[Germany]]).</ref><ref>In some cases, books sold only as sets share ISBNs. For example, the [[Vance Integral Edition]] used only 2 ISBNs for 44 books.</ref> numeric commercial [[book]] [[identifier]] based upon the 9-digit '''Standard Book Numbering''' (SBN) [[code]] created by Gordon Foster, Emeritus Professor of Statistics at [[Trinity College, Dublin]],<ref>Gordon Fosters original 1966 report can be found at [http://www.informaticsdevelopmentinstitute.net/isbn.html Informaticsdevelopmentinstitute.net]</ref> for the booksellers and stationers [[W.H. Smith]] and others in 1966.<ref name="history">{{citation | url = http://www.isbn.org/standards/home/isbn/international/history.asp | title = History | publisher = ISBN.org}}.</ref>
 
The 10-digit ISBN format was developed by the [[International Organization for Standardization]] (ISO) and was published in 1970 as international standard ISO 2108.<ref name= "history"/> (However, the 9-digit SBN code was used in the [[United Kingdom]] until 1974.) Currently, the ISO's [[TC 46/SC 9]] is responsible for the ISBN. The [[ISO]] on-line facility only refers back to 1978.<ref>{{citation | format = [[PDF]] | url = http://www.iso.org/iso/iso_catalogue/catalogue_tc/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=6897 | title = ISO 2108:1978 | publisher = ISO}}.</ref>
 
Since 1 January 2007, ISBNs have contained 13 digits, a format that is compatible with [[Bookland]] [[European Article Number|EAN]]-13s.<ref>{{citation | url = http://www.lac-bac.gc.ca/iso/tc46sc9/isbn.htm | title = Frequently Asked Questions about the new ISBN standard from ISO | author = TC 46/SC 9 | publisher = LAC‐BAC | place = CA}}.</ref>
 
Occasionally, a book may appear without a printed ISBN if it is printed privately or the author does not follow the usual ISBN procedure; however, this can be rectified later.<ref>Bradley, Philip (1992). "{{PDFlink|[http://www.theindexer.org/files/18-1/18-1_025.pdf Book numbering: The importance of the ISBN]|245KB}}. ''The Indexer.'' '''18''' (1): 25&ndash;2625–26.</ref>
 
A similar numeric identifier, the [[International Standard Serial Number]] (ISSN), identifies periodical publications such as [[magazine]]s.
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== তথ্যসূত্ৰ ==
{{Reflist|colwidth=30em}}
 
== বাহ্যিক সংযোগ ==
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* [http://www.iso.org/iso/en/CatalogueDetailPage.CatalogueDetail?CSNUMBER=36563&ICS1=1&ICS2=140&ICS3=20 ISO 2108:2005] at [http://www.iso.org www.iso.org]
* [http://www.isbn.org/standards/home/isbn/transition.asp transition] at isbn.org
* [http://www.bookweb.org/education/6865.html Description of the ISBN to EAN upgrade process] at bookweb.org
* RFC 3187 <!-- should be automatically linked by Wikipedia --> Using International Standard Book Numbers as Uniform Resource Names (URN)
* http://isbn-international.org/en/download/implementation-guidelines-04.pdf Implementation guidelines]|51.0&nbsp;KB for the 13-digit ISBN code.
* [http://zarsara.com/news/42introduion-to-isbn-%d9%85%d8%b9%d8%b1%d9%81%db%8c-%d8%b4%d8%a7%d8%a8%da%a9.aspx Description of the ISBN in Persian: شابک (کتاب) در فارسی] at zarsara.com
 
[[শ্ৰেণী: গ্ৰন্থ]]
 
[[af:ISBN]]
[[hy:Գրքի միջազգային ստանդարտ համար]]
[[id:ISBN]]
[[ilo:Sangalubongan a KasigudanPagalagadan a Numero ti Libro]]
[[is:ISBN]]
[[it:ISBN]]
3,607

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