Wikiversity is a Wikimedia Foundation project,[2] which supports learning communities, their learning materials, and resulting activities. It differs from more structured projects such as Wikipedia in that it instead offers a series of tutorials, or courses, for the fostering of learning, rather than formal content.

ৱিকিভাৰ্চিটী (ৱিকি বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়)
Wikiversity logo.
Detail of the Wikiversity multilingual portal main page.
Screenshot of home page
ইউ আৰ এল
শ্লোগান "মুক্ত শিক্ষা"
বাণিজ্যক No
প্ৰকাৰ শিক্ষাকেন্দ্ৰিক, ব্যক্তিগত অধ্যয়ন
পঞ্জীয়ন ঐচ্ছিক
ভাষা বহুভাষিক
স্বত্বাধিকাৰী ৱিকিমিডিয়া ফাউণ্ডেশ্যন
সৃষ্টিকৰ্তা ৱিকিমিডিয়া সম্প্ৰদায়
মুকলি ১৫ আগষ্ট, ২০০৬
এলেক্সা স্থান decrease 25,196 (November 2011)[1]

Historyসম্পাদনা কৰক

Wikiversity's beta phase officially began on August 15, 2006 with the English language Wikiversity.

The idea of Wikiversity began with the initial development of the Wikiversity community within the Wikibooks project, however when it was nominated for deletion from Wikibooks, soon there was a proposal to make Wikiversity an independent WikiMedia project,[3] with the fundamental goal to broaden the scope of activities within the Wikimedia community to include additional types of learning resources in addition to textbooks.

Two proposals were made. The first project proposal was not approved (2005) and the second, modified proposal, was approved (2006).[4]

The launch of Wikiversity was announced at Wikimania 2006 as:

.... the idea here is to also host learning communities, so people who are actually trying to learn, actually have a place to come and interact and help each other figure out how to learn things. We're also going to be hosting and fostering research into how these kinds of things can be used more effectively.[5]

Wikimania, 2006

Project detailsসম্পাদনা কৰক

Wikiversity is a center for the creation of and use of free learning materials, and the provision of learning activities. Wikiversity is one of many wikis used in educational contexts,[6] as well as many initiatives that are creating free and open educational resources.

The primary priorities and goals for Wikiversity are to:

  • Create and host a range of free-content, multilingual learning materials/resources, for all age groups in all languages.
  • Host scholarly/learning projects and communities that support these materials.[7]

The Wikiversity e-Learning model places emphasis on "learning groups" and "learning by doing". Wikiversity's motto and slogan is "set learning free",[8][9] indicating that groups/communities of Wikiversity participants will engage in learning projects. Learning is facilitated through collaboration on projects that are detailed, outlined, summarized or results reported by editing Wikiversity pages. Wikiversity learning projects include collections of wiki webpages concerned with the exploration of a particular topic.[10] Wikiversity participants are encouraged to express their learning goals, and the Wikiversity community collaborates to develop learning activities and projects to accommodate those goals. However, as the project is still in its early stages,[11][12] its learning model is still in development.

Learning resources are developed by an individual or groups, either on their own initiative, or as part of a learning project.[13] Wikiversity resources include teaching aids, lesson plans, curricula, links to off-site resources, course notes, example and problem sets, computer simulations, reading lists, and other as devised by participants – but do not include final polished textbooks. Texts useful to others are hosted at Wikibooks for update and maintenance.[14] Learning groups with interests in each subject area create a web of resources that form the basis of discussions and activities at Wikiversity. Learning resources can be used by educators outside of Wikiversity for their own purposes, under the terms of the GFDL and a Creative Commons license (like Wikipedia).

Languagesসম্পাদনা কৰক

There are currently fourteen language Wikiversities – Arabic, Czech, English, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Italian, Japanese, Portuguese, Russian, Slovene, Spanish, and Swedish; Wikiversity projects in other languages are being developed at the "beta" multilingual hub.

For newly established specific language Wikiversities to move out of the initial exploratory "beta" phase, the new Wikiversity community must establish policies governing research activities. Wikiversity may act as a repository of research carried out by the Wikimedia Research Network, or others who are involved in wiki-based, or other research. Wikiversity hosts original research in addition to secondary research, unless a specific language group decides upon no research. It is expected that researchers will respect and update guidelines for appropriate research through a community consensus process.[15][16]

তথ্য সংগ্ৰহসম্পাদনা কৰক

  1. " Site Info". Alexa Internet.। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2011-11-02. 
  2. Welcome speech, Jimbo Wales, Wikimania 2006 (audio)
  3. Wikiversity:History of Wikiversity
  4. Resolution Wikiversity
  5. Wikimania 2006 on Wikiversity
  6. "Wikis and Wikipedia as a Teaching Tool" by Piotr Konieczny; International Journal of Instructional Technology and Distance Learning;January 2007, Vol. 4, No. 1.
  7. Approved Wikiversity project proposal, Wikiversity
  8. Wikiversity:Learning, Wikiversity
  9. Wikiversity learning model, Wikiversity
  10. Wikiversity learning projects portal, Wikiversity
  11. Wikipedia, the Free Online Encyclopedia, Ponders a New Entity: Wikiversity by Andrea L. Foster; The Chronicle of Higher Education; December 16, 2005.
  12. Wikiversity Gains Momentum at PC World
  13. "One Laptop Per Teacher: Content and Curriculum for (in-service) Teacher Training" by Ian Kennedy, Delia Pass and Roxan Cadir; Proceedings of Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education International Conference 2007; pp. 2564–2569
  14. Wikiversity:What Wikiversity is not, Wikiversity
  15. Scope of research on Wikiversity (in development), Multingual Wikiversity hub
  16. Wikiversity research guidelines (in development), Multilingual Wikiversity hub

বাহ্যিক সংযোগসম্পাদনা কৰক