"এৰিষ্ট'টল"ৰ বিভিন্ন সংশোধনসমূহৰ মাজৰ পাৰ্থক্য

899 বাইট যোগ দিয়া হ’ল ,  7 বছৰৰ পূৰ্বে
===স্মৃতি===
 
এৰিষ্ট'টলৰ মত অনুসৰি স্মৃতি হ'ল এটা অভিজ্ঞতাক মনত ৰখা আৰু এই মনত ৰখা কথাটোৰ অন্তৰ্ভাগৰ উপস্থিতিৰ পৰা অতীতত ঘটাৰ পাৰ্থক্য চিনিব পৰাৰ ক্ষমতা<ref>{{cite book |last=Bloch |first=David |url=http://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=QwTHng_5RqAC&oi=fnd&pg=PR9&dq=Aristotle+on+Memory+and+Recollection&ots=Mx4oCdBGv-&sig=RI_bdGZvcYi7-dT_Em547aTi2XE#v=onepage&q=Aristotle%20on%20Memory%20and%20Recollection&f=false |title=Aristotle on Memory and Recollection |year=2007 |page=12}}</ref>৷ অন্য অৰ্থত, এৰিষ্ট'টলে De Anima ৰ যোগেদি দিয়া সংজ্ঞা অনুসৰি স্মৃতি একধৰণৰ মানসিক চিত্ৰ (phantasm) যি মানুহৰ সত্তা মুদ্ৰিত ( imprint) হৈ পৰে৷ এৰিষ্ট'টলে Aristotle believedবিশ্বাস anকৰিছিল “imprint”যে becomesএনধৰণৰ impressedমানসিক onচিত্ৰবোৰ aঅৰ্ধতৰল semi-fluidএক bodilyশাৰিৰীক organঅংগত thatমুদ্ৰিত undergoesহৈ several changesপৰে inআৰু orderকিছু toপৰিৱৰ্ত্তনৰ makeযোগেদি aস্মৃতিলৈ memory.ৰূপান্তৰিত Aহয়৷ memory occursএই when aঅৰ্ধতৰল [[Stimulus|stimuli]]শাৰিৰীক isঅংগ tooঅৰ্থাৎ complexস্নায়ুতন্ত্ৰই thatযেতিয়া theকোনো nervousজটিল systemউদ্দীপক (semi-fluid bodily organstimuli) cannotসকলোবোৰ receive allমানসিক theচিত্ৰ impressionsএকেলগে atমুদ্ৰন once.কৰিব Theseনোৱাৰে changesতেতিয়াই areস্মৃতিৰ theউৎপত্তি sameহয়৷ asএৰিষ্ট'টলৰ thoseধাৰণা involvedঅনুসৰি inএই theপৰিৱৰ্ত্তন operationsসমূহ ofমানুহৰ [[sensation]],অনুভৱ [[commonবা sense]],চিন্তাৰ andদৰে [[thinking]]একেই৷ .{{sfn|Bloch|2007|p=61}} Theঅনুভৱ mental(sense pictureperception) imprinted onসম্পূৰ্ণ theপ্ৰক্ৰিয়াৰ bodilyশেষ organউৎপাদন isসামগ্ৰীটো theহৈছে finalস্নায়ুতন্ত্ৰত productমুদ্ৰিত ofহোৱা theএই entireমানসিক processচিত্ৰবোৰ৷ ofদেখি senseবা perception.শুনি Itহোৱা doesযিকোনো notঅভিজ্ঞতাৰে matterএনেদৰে ifমানসিক theচি্তৰবোৰ experienceস্মৃতি wasহিচাপে seenৰৈ orযায়৷ heard,<ref>{{cite everybook experience|last=Carruthers ends|first=Mary up|url=http://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=dntrAnqfIasC&oi=fnd&pg=PR8&dq=The+book+of+memory:+the+study+of+memory+in+medieval+times&ots=we1jd9n54J&sig=Lr9XAjRR9tiUyA0rCgI04VzEuKo#v=onepage&q=The%20book%20of%20memory%3A%20the%20study%20of%20memory%20in%20medieval%20times&f=false as|title=The aBook mentalof imageMemory: A Study of Memory in memoryMedieval Culture |year=2007 |page=16}}</ref>
<ref>{{cite book |last=Carruthers |first=Mary |url=http://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=dntrAnqfIasC&oi=fnd&pg=PR8&dq=The+book+of+memory:+the+study+of+memory+in+medieval+times&ots=we1jd9n54J&sig=Lr9XAjRR9tiUyA0rCgI04VzEuKo#v=onepage&q=The%20book%20of%20memory%3A%20the%20study%20of%20memory%20in%20medieval%20times&f=false |title=The Book of Memory: A Study of Memory in Medieval Culture |year=2007 |page=16}}</ref>
 
Aristotle uses the word “memory” for two basic abilities. First, the actual retaining of the experience in the [[mnemonic]] “imprint” that can develop from [[sensation]]. Second, the intellectual anxiety that comes with the “imprint” due to being impressed at a particular time and processing specific contents. These abilities can be explained as memory is neither sensation nor thinking because is arises only after a lapse of time. Therefore, memory is of the past, {{sfn|Bloch|2007|p=25}} prediction is of the future, and sensation is of the present. The retrieval of our “imprints” cannot be performed suddenly. A transitional channel is needed and located in our past experiences, both for our previous experience and present experience.
4,194

টা সম্পাদনা