মৌলানা আব্দুল হামিদ খান ভাসানী: বিভিন্ন সংশোধনসমূহৰ মাজৰ পাৰ্থক্য

নতুন অনুবাদ
([বট সম্পাদনা] অসমীয়া লিখোতে হোৱা কেইটামান সাধাৰণ ভুল ঠিক কৰা হ'ল)
(নতুন অনুবাদ)
 
===ব্ৰিটিছ আমল===
১৯১৭ চনত ভাষাণী সক্ৰিয় ৰাজনীতিত যুক্ত হয় আৰু দেশবন্ধু চিত্তৰঞ্জন দাসৰ নেতৃত্বত জাতীয়তাবাদী দলত কৰ্মী হিচাপে যোগ দিছিল। মোহাম্মদ আলীৰ দ্বাৰা অনুপ্ৰাণিত হৈ তেখেত ১৯১৯ চনত [[ভাৰতীয় জাতীয় কংগ্ৰেছ|ভাৰতীয় জাতীয় কংগ্ৰেছ]]ত যোগ দিছিল। ১৯২০ চনত তেখেত গ্ৰেপ্তাৰ হৈ কাৰাবৰণ কৰে। মুক্তি পোৱাৰ পিছত তেখেত খেলাফত আন্দোলনত অংশ লৈছিল। ১৯১২ চনত তেখেত ব্ৰিটিছ সাম্ৰাজ্যবাদৰ বিৰুদ্ধত দাসৰ অসহযোগ আন্দোলনত অংশ লৈছিল। তেখেত তেওঁৰ বিপুল সংখ্যক অনুগামীসকলৰ লগত কিছুদিন কাৰাভোগও কৰিছিল। তেখেত ১৯৩০ চনত মুছলিম লীগত যোগ দিছিল। তেখেত ১৯৩৭ চনত [[ধুবুৰী জিলা|ধুবুৰী]] (দক্ষিণ) আসনৰ পৰা [[অসম]] বিধানসভাত বিধায়ক হিচাপে নিৰ্বাচিত হৈ ১৯৪৪ চনলৈকে দায়িত্ব পালন কৰিছিল।<ref>[http://www.assamassembly.gov.in/ala-since-1937.html List of Members of Assam Legislative Assembly Since 1937] Government of India.</ref> ১৯৪৪ চনৰ এপ্ৰিল মাহত তেখেত [[বৰপেটা জিলা|বৰপেটা]] অধিবেশনত [[মুছলিম লীগ]]ৰ সভাপতি নিৰ্বাচিত হয়।<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.muktadhara.net/page27.html |title=Biography of Bhashani |website=Muktadhara |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20140419155157/http://www.muktadhara.net/page27.html |archive-date=19 April 2014}}</ref>
 
=== পাকিস্তানৰ আৰম্ভণিৰ দিনসমূহ ===
১৯৪৭ চনত [[ভাৰত]] আৰু [[পাকিস্তান]] সংস্থাপনাৰ পিছত, বিটিছৰ প্ৰস্থানৰ পিছত, ভাসানীয়ে তেওঁৰ প্ৰতিষ্ঠান-প্ৰতিৰোধী পদক্ষেপৰ পৰিকল্পনা কৰে। ১৯৪৯ চনৰ ২৩ জুন তাৰিখে তেওঁ পূৱ পাকিস্তান [[আৱামি মুছলিম লীগ]]ৰ প্ৰতিস্থান লাভ কৰে। {{Citation needed|date=January 2020}} ভাষাণী ইয়াৰ সাধাৰণ সম্পাদক হিচাপে ছামছুল হকৰ সৈতে ইয়াৰ সভাপতি নিৰ্বাচিত হৈছিল। ১৯৪৯ চনৰ ২৪ জুলাইত তেওঁ [[ঢাকা]]ৰ আৰমানিয়াটোলাত আৱামি মুছলিম লীগৰ প্ৰথম সভাৰ আয়োজন কৰে, য'ত য়াৰ মোহাম্মদ খানে অৱদান প্ৰদান কৰে আৰু শেষত ঢাকা চহৰৰ ভিতৰত দলটো স্থাপন কৰে।{{Citation needed|date=January 2020}}
[[চিত্ৰ:21feb1956_Shaheed_Minar_Dhaka.png|thumb|চহিদ মিনাৰৰ (চহিদ স্মাৰক)ৰ বাবে আধাৰিত কাৰ্যসূচীৰ পিছত মৌলানা আব্দুল খান ভাছানী।]]
On 31 January 1952 he formed the "All Party Language movement Committee" at the Dhaka Bar Library. He campaigned for the recognition of Bangla as a national language in Pakistan.<ref>{{cite web|last1=Tirmizi|first1=Farooq|title=The sad history of International Mother Tongue Day|url=http://tribune.com.pk/story/121515/the-sad-history-of-international-mother-tongue-day/|work=[[The Express Tribune]]|date=21 February 2011|access-date=24 January 2016}}</ref> The National Democratic Front was established under his leadership on 4 December 1953. He renamed [[Bangladesh Awami League|Awami Muslim League]] as the [[Awami League]] by removing "Muslim" from its official name in the council session of Awami League held on 21–23 October 1953. {{Citation needed|date=January 2020}}
 
The [[Muslim League (Pakistan)|Muslim League]] Government both in the centre and the province of East Pakistan lost considerable popularity after the [[Bengali language movement|Language Movement]] of 1952. It was seen as not being capable or interested in protecting the interest of [[East Pakistan]]. In 1954, election was going to be held in the province and a new political party emerged to challenge the Muslim League. It was called [[United Front (East Pakistan)|United Front]] and comprised the party of Bhashani and the [[Krishak Sramik Party]] of [[A. K. Fazlul Huq]], former Prime Minister of [[Bengal]]. The Awami League, under [[Shahid Suhrawardy]] also joined the alliance. The United Front won the provincial election in East Pakistan by defeating the Muslim league.<ref>{{cite web|last1=Haque|first1=Syed Badrul|title=Remembering Sher-e-Bangla|url=http://www.thedailystar.net/remembering-sher-e-bangla-47536|work=The Daily Star|date=26 October 2014|access-date=11 January 2016}}</ref>
 
In the elections of 1954, Jukta Front successfully defeated Muslim League and its leader Prime minister [[Nurul Amin]] lost his parliament seat to a young student leader Mr. Khaleque Nawaz Khan and Jukta Front formed the provincial government of East Pakistan. However, the government was arbitrarily dismissed.{{Citation needed|date=January 2013}}
 
In May 1954 he went to [[Stockholm]]. He was barred from returning to [[East Pakistan]] by the government of [[Iskander Mirza]] and branded a communist.<ref>{{cite book|last1=Hossain|first1=Mokerrom|year=2010|title=From Protest to Freedom: A Book for the New Generation: the Birth of Bangladesh|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=2Vt3KxEBYk0C&pg=PA127|publisher=Shahitya Prakash|pages=127|isbn=978-0-615-48695-6}}</ref> In 1956 Bhashani went on a hunger strike in demand of food for the famine affected people from 7 to 23 May.
 
During the Kagmaree Conference of Awami League held on 7–8 February 1957, Bhashani left the [[West Pakistani]] authority which acted negatively against East Pakistan.<ref name="Bangladesh: Past and Present">{{cite book|last1=Ahmed|first1=Salahuddin|year=2004|title=Bangladesh: Past and Present|publisher=APH Publishing|isbn=9788176484695}}</ref> On 24–25 July 1957, Bhashani convened the conference of All Pakistan Democratic Activists. On 25 July he formed the East Pakistan National Awami Party (NAP). Bhashani was elected the President with Mahmudul Huq Osmani, the General Secretary. [[1965 Pakistani presidential election]]
 
According to Ehtisham, Bhashani played a crucial role in the opposition decision to nominate Fatima Jinnah, instead of [[Azam Khan (general)|Azam Khan]]. Fatima Jinnah was initially scornful of an opposition attempt to nominate her, however on Bhashanis personal intervention, she agreed to be their joint candidate.<ref>{{cite book|last=Ehtisham|first=S. Akhtar|date=2008|title=A Medical Doctor Examines Life on Three Continents: A Pakistani View|publisher=Algora Publishing|page=66|isbn=978-0-87586-634-5|quote=Bhashani proposed the name of Miss Fatima Jinnah ... But she despised the opposition leaders ... and summarily dismissed them, telling them that if they had not perversely and ineptly dragged the country to the current deplorable state, they would not be begging her at her age to contest an election ... Bhashani ... was perhaps the only person in the ranks of the opposition for whom she had some respect. He went to see Miss Jinnah alone ... He played on the elderly lady's heart strings, telling her ... your brother made Pakistan, it is up to you to save it ... Miss Jinnah agreed to don the mantle of the savior.}}</ref>
 
Despite this pledged support for [[Fatima Jinnah]], Bhashani is controversially alleged to have become inactive during the opposition Presidential campaign ostensibly because of [[Ayub Khan (general)|Ayub Khan]]'s pro-China leanings; [[Sherbaz Khan Mazari]] later alleged that Bashani was bribed by [[Zulfikar Ali Bhutto]].<ref>{{cite book|last=Mazari|first=Sherbaz Khan|author-link=Sherbaz Khan Mazari|date=1999|title=A Journey to Disillusionment|publisher=Oxford University Press|location=Karachi|page=150|isbn=978-0-19-579076-4|quote="Bashani was the first to back out on Miss Jinnah. His excuse at that time was that as China (his party's overseas mentor) had friendly relations with Ayub Khan's regime, he was not in a position to oppose Ayub Khan. Later, however it became an open secret that Bhutto ... bribed Bashani with Rs 500,000 to ensure withdrawal of his support from the COP. Some years later I confronted Bashani with this accusation. The Maulana did not bother to deny it."}}</ref>
 
He organized the Cooperative for the Cultivators of East Pakistan on 2–3 January 1968. He was elected the founder Chairman. On 15 June 1968 Bhashani founded the Cooperative for the Provincial Fish Tradesmen at Dhaka Bar library. On 12 October of the same year, he was arrested by President General [[Ayub Khan (Field Marshal)|Ayub Khan]]'s government from the Mirzapur hospital, [[Tangail]].{{citation needed|date=November 2015}}
 
In 1967 Bhashani protested against the governmental ban against [[Rabindranath Tagore]].{{citation needed|date=November 2015}} In 1969 Bhashani launched a movement for the withdrawal of the [[Agartala Conspiracy Case]] and the release of [[Sheikh Mujib]].{{citation needed|date=February 2019}} American journalist Dan Coggin, writing for ''[[Time (magazine)|Time]]'', credited Bhashani, "as much as any one man", for instigating the [[1969 Mass uprising in East Pakistan]] that culminated in the collapse of the Ayub Khan regime.<ref name="time">{{cite magazine|last=Coggin|first=Dan|date=18 April 1969|title=Prophet of Violence|url=http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,844753-1,00.html|magazine=[[Time (magazine)|Time]]|page=41|url-access=subscription}}</ref> In 1970 Bhasani called for the Independence of East Pakistan per the 1940 [[Lahore Resolution]].<ref>{{cite book|last1=Jalal|first1=Ayesha|year=2014|title=The Struggle for Pakistan: A Muslim Homeland and Global Politics|publisher=Harvard University Press|isbn=9780674744998|pages=158}}</ref> When the [[Bangladesh Liberation War]] started on 26 March 1971, Bhasani was confined in India. He was returned by the [[Indian Army]] to Bangladesh just after the war ended.{{citation needed|date=November 2015}}
 
Bhasani with his National Awami party had organised an International Kisan conference from March 23–25, 1970 in [[Toba Tek Singh District]]. In the conference he asked the [[Government of Pakistan]] to hold a referendum, asking the population if they wanted [[Islamic Socialism]]. He warned that there might be guerrilla warfare if the military government failed to do so.<ref name="University of Chicago Press" />
 
<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.muktadhara.net/page27.html |title=Biography of Bhashani |website=Muktadhara |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20140419155157/http://www.muktadhara.net/page27.html |archive-date=19 April 2014}}</ref>
 
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